Spring boot整合jpa

Githug源码:https://github.com/superRabbitMan/my-spring-boot-jpa

 

本文使用用户、部门、角色的关系来演示整合过程

引入依赖

<dependencies>
   <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
   </dependency>

   <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
      <scope>test</scope>
   </dependency>

   <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.springframework.boot/spring-boot-starter-data-jpa -->
   <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
   </dependency>
   <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/mysql/mysql-connector-java -->
   <dependency>
      <groupId>mysql</groupId>
      <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
      <scope>runtime</scope>
   </dependency>

</dependencies>

配置yml文件和创建bean

本配置文件只做简单的示例,具体可以参考官方文档

spring:
  datasource:
    url: jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3306/test?characterEncoding=UTF8
    username: root
    password: root
  jpa:
    database: MYSQL
    show-sql: true
    hibernate:
      ddl-auto: update
@Order(Ordered.HIGHEST_PRECEDENCE)
@Configuration
@EnableTransactionManagement(proxyTargetClass = true)
@EnableJpaRepositories(basePackages = "com.example.dao")
@EntityScan(basePackages = "com.example.entity")
public class JpaConfiguration {

    @Bean
    PersistenceExceptionTranslationPostProcessor persistenceExceptionTranslationPostProcessor() {
        return new PersistenceExceptionTranslationPostProcessor();
    }
    
}

创建实体类

/**
 * 部门表
 * Created by vip on 2018/10/24.
 */
@Entity
@Table(name = "deparment")
public class Deparment {

    @Id
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
    private Long id;

    @Column(name = "name")
    private String name;

    // get set
}
@Entity
@Table(name = "role")
public class Role implements Serializable {

    @Id
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
    private Long id;

    @Column(name = "name")
    private String name;

    //get set
}
@Entity
@Table(name = "user")
public class User implements Serializable {

    @Id
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
    private Long id;

    @Column(name = "name")
    private String name;

    @Column(name = "create_date")
    @DateTimeFormat(pattern = "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss")
    private Date createDate;

    @ManyToOne
    @JoinColumn(name = "did")
    @JsonBackReference
    private Deparment deparment;

    @ManyToMany(cascade = {}, fetch = FetchType.EAGER)
    @JoinTable(name = "user_role",
            joinColumns = {@JoinColumn(name = "user_id")},
            inverseJoinColumns = {@JoinColumn(name = "roles_id")})
    private List<Role> roles;

    // get set
}

创建数据库表

SET FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS=0;

-- ----------------------------
-- Table structure for deparment
-- ----------------------------
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `deparment`;
CREATE TABLE `deparment` (
  `id` bigint(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `name` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM AUTO_INCREMENT=2 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8mb4;

-- ----------------------------
-- Table structure for role
-- ----------------------------
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `role`;
CREATE TABLE `role` (
  `id` bigint(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `name` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM AUTO_INCREMENT=2 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8mb4;

-- ----------------------------
-- Table structure for user
-- ----------------------------
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `user`;
CREATE TABLE `user` (
  `id` bigint(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `create_date` datetime DEFAULT NULL,
  `name` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
  `did` bigint(20) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`),
  KEY `FKaakiarxhpooi8qqoe1twj0h5g` (`did`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM AUTO_INCREMENT=2 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8mb4;

-- ----------------------------
-- Table structure for user_role
-- ----------------------------
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `user_role`;
CREATE TABLE `user_role` (
  `user_id` bigint(20) NOT NULL,
  `roles_id` bigint(20) NOT NULL,
  KEY `FKeog8p06nu33ihk13roqnrp1y6` (`roles_id`),
  KEY `FK859n2jvi8ivhui0rl0esws6o` (`user_id`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8mb4;

创建dao接口

@Repository
public interface DeparmentRepository extends JpaRepository<Deparment, Long> {
}
@Repository
public interface RoleRepository extends JpaRepository<Role, Long> {
}
@Repository
public interface UserRepository extends JpaRepository<User, Long> {
}

添加访问方法

@RestController
@SpringBootApplication
public class DemoApplication {

   private static Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(DemoApplication.class);

   @Autowired
   private UserRepository userRepository;
   @Autowired
   private DeparmentRepository deparmentRepository;
   @Autowired
   private RoleRepository roleRepository;

   public static void main(String[] args) {
      SpringApplication.run(DemoApplication.class, args);
   }

   @RequestMapping(value = "/")
   public String home() {
      initDate();
      findPage();
      return "hello spring boot";
   }

   public void initDate() {
      userRepository.deleteAll();
      roleRepository.deleteAll();
      deparmentRepository.deleteAll();

      Deparment deparment = new Deparment();
      deparment.setName("开发部");
      deparmentRepository.save(deparment);
      Assert.notNull(deparment.getId());

      Role role = new Role();
      role.setName("admin");
      roleRepository.save(role);
      Assert.notNull(role.getId());

      User user = new User();
      user.setName("user");
      user.setCreateDate(new Date());
      user.setDeparment(deparment);
      List<Role> roles = roleRepository.findAll();
      Assert.notNull(roles);
      user.setRoles(roles);
      userRepository.save(user);
      Assert.notNull(user.getId());
   }

   public void findPage() {
      Pageable pageable = new PageRequest(0, 10, new Sort(Sort.Direction.ASC, "id"));
      Page<User> page = userRepository.findAll(pageable);
      Assert.notNull(page);
      page.getContent().forEach(user -> {
         logger.info("user name:{}, depa name:{}, role name:{}", user.getName(), user.getDeparment().getName(), user.getRoles().get(0).getName());
      });
   }

}

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